The axial length growth trajectories modelled in this study revealed that regardless of a child’s age, a myopic shift of at least -0.85D and/or 0.74mm over three years suggests future myopia development. Read more about specific risk factors for younger children, and other ocular component findings in this large study of European children.
Teenagers in the Netherlands were able to spend time outdoors during the COVID pandemic but still significantly increased near work on digital devices.. This is expected to give an increase in myopia prevalence and progression in European teens but to a lesser extent than in Asia where there was restricted outdoor time with stricter lockdown.
This is the first meta-analysis to directly compare mean axial growth across studies, looking at how age and ethnicity contribute to differences. Current axial length growth charts differentiate by sex and ethnicity, with age being the key variable. The results indicate that mean annual axial length growth is 28% greater in Asian compared to non-Asian children., reaffirming the need for Asian-specific data.