The visual demand of concentrating on close-up tasks like reading and studying are thought to be a driving force for increased myopia in children. To better understand this relationship the authors consolidated data from several studies to quantify the effect of near work activities on myopia in children and discover any association there may be between them.
Childhood refractive error is dictated by several factors including parental myopia and how much time they may spend outdoors each day. Influenced by these factors the shape and size of the eye constantly changes during growth with axial length most influenced as myopia increases. This longitudinal study sought to model these changes in Chinese children.
Education and myopia have had a long association, both anecdotally and from research findings with studies in general finding strong correlations with education and prolonged close work rather than a definite causative link. This study investigated the impact of education on refractive error by examining the relationship between increasing the school leaving age and myopia.
This research summary describes the major multifocal contact lens (MFCL) research studies for myopia control, and what we still need to learn. From the first studies only a decade ago, to wearing time, commercially available lenses, the influence of BV, novel designs and more, this comprehensive review will get you all the way up to date on MFCLs.
Axial length growth and the risk of developing myopia in European children; Association of axial length with risk of uncorrectable visual impairment for Europeans with myopia; Accommodation is unrelated to myopia progression in Chinese myopic children; Prevalence of myopia among dissadvantaged Australian schoolchildren.
This population-based study set out to produce a percentile growth chart for axial length based on the data collected from European children and adults, and in doing so they found a stronger correlation between the refractive error and axial length in myopes compared to the same measurements in emmetropes.
Race as a predictor of myopia progression in paediatric patients; Scleral cross-linking using Rose Bengal green light; Blink study results; Vision with multifocal CL in myopes and presbyopes; Influence of CN multifocal CL on VA in young myopes and presbyopes; Effect of high add OK lens designs on corneal hysteresis and ocular aberrations.