A country-wide intervention to increase outdoor time in 5-6 year olds resulted in the prevalence of myopia decreasing from 15% in the 2014 cohort (before the intervention) to 8% in 2016 cohort (exposed to the intervention for up to two years) and was stable for three years thereafter. Increasing outdoor time works!
Pre-myopes can be readily identified, and best practice dictates that we should offer some form of intervention to help delay the onset of myopia. In this case we discuss the features of a pre-myope and an example in a 5 year old patient who satisfies the refractive criteria for pre-myopia, and has a strong family history of myopia.
Esophoria at near is a risk factor for myopia development and progression. Does it need to be managed in an emmetropic patient without symptoms? Is this patient a pre-myope, and how should this factor into management? Read this interesting clinical case, where colleagues discuss whether to intervene or not, and how to potentially manage both myopia risk and binocular vision.