Managing a 5-year-old pre-myope

Pre-myopes can be readily identified, and best practice dictates that we should offer some form of intervention to help delay the onset of myopia. In this case we discuss the features of a pre-myope and an example in a 5 year old patient who satisfies the refractive criteria for pre-myopia, and has a strong family history of myopia.

Do you need to treat esophoria in an emmetropic patient?

Esophoria at near is a risk factor for myopia development and progression. Does it need to be managed in an emmetropic patient without symptoms? Is this patient a pre-myope, and how should this factor into management? Read this interesting clinical case, where colleagues discuss whether to intervene or not, and how to potentially manage both myopia risk and binocular vision.

A two-year-old with low myopia – to correct or not?

Would you prescribe glasses for a young child with mild myopia? Is myopia control beneficial for a toddler? This case discussion covers whether to treat or monitor, with the research evidence for prescribing as well as clinical considerations for co-management between primary eye care and ophthalmology.

How to manage the highly myopic toddler

A two-year-old with high myopia and astigmatism – the discussion included co-management, the best optical correction, and the lifelong management ahead. Read more on managing the highly myopic toddler.

Does low-dose atropine cause blurry vision?

Low dose atropine is often used for myopia control in children. How commonly will patients complain of side effects, such as photophobia, allergy or blurry vision at near? BL presents a patient who experienced blurry vision after using 0.01% atropine once, and subsequently refused to use it. This led to significant fear and misconception on the part of the parent. How should a case like this be managed?

Complex Atropine Cases

Read these three clinical complex atropine cases where general health conditions required careful consideration of atropine prescribing for myopia control.