The visual demand of concentrating on close-up tasks like reading and studying are thought to be a driving force for increased myopia in children. To better understand this relationship the authors consolidated data from several studies to quantify the effect of near work activities on myopia in children and discover any association there may be between them.
Childhood refractive error is dictated by several factors including parental myopia and how much time they may spend outdoors each day. Influenced by these factors the shape and size of the eye constantly changes during growth with axial length most influenced as myopia increases. This longitudinal study sought to model these changes in Chinese children.
Education and myopia have had a long association, both anecdotally and from research findings with studies in general finding strong correlations with education and prolonged close work rather than a definite causative link. This study investigated the impact of education on refractive error by examining the relationship between increasing the school leaving age and myopia.
This population-based study set out to produce a percentile growth chart for axial length based on the data collected from European children and adults, and in doing so they found a stronger correlation between the refractive error and axial length in myopes compared to the same measurements in emmetropes.
By implementing analysis across a continuous range of accommodation between 0 and 6.00D, and including distance accommodation facility, the authors investigated the relationship between accommodation and myopic progression in Chinese myopic children.
This retrospective analysis of refraction in low socioeconomic children from rural New South Wales and Australian Central Territory, Australia, reveals lower prevalence of myopia compared to reports from urban areas.
Race as a predictor of myopia progression in paediatric patients; Scleral cross-linking using Rose Bengal green light; Blink study results; Vision with multifocal CL in myopes and presbyopes; Influence of CN multifocal CL on VA in young myopes and presbyopes; Effect of high add OK lens designs on corneal hysteresis and ocular aberrations.
Prototype soft CLs designed to replicate the optical profile induced by OK were found to provide similar whole eye wavefront aberration measurements at distance and near fixation to existing OK lens wearers.
Soft contact lenses designed to simulate the change in refraction optical pro-file from orthokeratology (OK) fail to slow axial eye elongation or change to refrac-tion over 1-year of wear in children, leading to suggestion that OK’s propensity to slow myopia progression may not be due to changes OK makes to optical profile.
The much anticipated BLINK study has just been published! Hot off the press, we examine the results comparing +1.50 and +2.50 centre distance MFCLs, explain the study and describe how these results compare to other myopia controlling contact lenses.