Influence of orthok treatment zone diameter and pupil diameter on myopia progression

This study evaluates how orthok treatment zone diameter influences change in refraction and axial eye length over 1-year in children previously fit with orthok lenses of varying back optic zone diameter, to reveal that where treatment zone diameter was less than pupil diameter orthok’s myopia control efficacy appeared to be improved.

Smartphone use in myopic vs non-myopic Irish students

This paper investigates the relationship between myopia, the objective measure of smartphone data usage and self reported duration of smartphone use in school children and university students with a secondary aim to assess whether study outcomes changed with age.

Factors that influence the incidence of myopia

The authors evaluated the Rotterdam, The Netherlands Generation R dataset to establish the risk factors associated with change to axial eye length and incidence of myopia in children from age 6 to 9 yrs.

The association between digital screen time and myopia

For many children using digital devices is a normal part of their everyday lives and they will use computers and hand-held devices at school and at home. This systematic review collates this published research to illuminate current understanding on the association between the time children spend on digital devices and incidence, prevalence or progression of myopia.

The association between near work activities and myopia in children

The visual demand of concentrating on close-up tasks like reading and studying are thought to be a driving force for increased myopia in children. To better understand this relationship the authors consolidated data from several studies to quantify the effect of near work activities on myopia in children and discover any association there may be between them.

Growth curves to clinically monitor refractive development in Chinese schoolchildren

Childhood refractive error is dictated by several factors including parental myopia and how much time they may spend outdoors each day. Influenced by these factors the shape and size of the eye constantly changes during growth with axial length most influenced as myopia increases. This longitudinal study sought to model these changes in Chinese children.

How increasing school leaving age influences myopia in adulthood

Education and myopia have had a long association, both anecdotally and from research findings with studies in general finding strong correlations with education and prolonged close work rather than a definite causative link. This study investigated the impact of education on refractive error by examining the relationship between increasing the school leaving age and myopia.

Axial length growth and the risk of developing myopia in European children

This population-based study set out to produce a percentile growth chart for axial length based on the data collected from European children and adults, and in doing so they found a stronger correlation between the refractive error and axial length in myopes compared to the same measurements in emmetropes.