IMI Report on Accommodation and Binocular Vision in Myopia Development and Progression

This paper has found there are numerous correlations but only weak evidence to demonstrate a causal link between accommodation and myopia development. Assessment of the young myope’s accommodation and binocular vision function is still important. More understanding of the underlying mechanisms for myopia is needed in order to develop evidence-based interventions.

IMI Report on Risk Factors for Myopia

This report details non-modifiable and modifiable risk factors for myopia. Of the latter, Increasing the time children spend outside is an evidence-based intervention for myopia management. Near work is also a risk factor, although the causal relationship is less clear and future research with objective measures will provided more guidance on targeted clinical interventions.

How outdoor time influences myopia prevention and control

There is general widespread accepted belief that increasing time spent outdoors can be protective against progression of myopia. Xiong et al set out to better understand the research by performing a meta-analysis of 51 clinical trials and longitudinal studies that investigated the relationship between time spent outdoors and the risk of either developing myopia, progression of existing myopia or a myopic shift in refractive error.

A tale of two studies measuring change to axial length in myopia

Being able to assess myopia progression in a similar way to height and weight using growth curves is beneficial for both practitioners and patients as it provides a comparison against a calculated average, helping to predict future high myopes and track progression and control outcomes. How to growth charts from European and Asian studies compare? We explore the comparisons, advantages and disadvantages of using growth charts for axial length in myopia.

Race as a predictor of myopia progression in paediatric patients

Myopia has multi-factorial causes with both nature and nurture contributing. In this research the authors used a retrospective cohort study to examine any differences in progression rate with different ethnicities and greater understand who may be at increased risk of myopic progression.

Scleral cross-linking using Rose Bengal green light

In myopia development the sclera is at risk of deformation due to increasing axial length progression. This research investigates whether cross-linking treatment could be used to stiffen the sclera as a way to restrict axial eye elongation.